National Foods Stockfeeds :: Broiler Feed

Broiler Chickens

Broiler

Quality feeding for your broilers is very important to maximize your profits.

BROILER FEED

Our broiler feeds are nutritionally balanced complete feeds that are designed to be fed directly without adding or subtracting anything. The feed range is designed to be fed in 3 phases that is the Broiler Starter (Triphase 1), Broiler Grower (Triphase 2) and Broiler Finisher (Triphase 3). The whole feeding program takes a total of 35 days to yield birds that weigh approximately 2kgs.

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Broiler Triphase 1 Crumbles (21.5% Crude Protein)

This is the first feed to be fed to day old chicks. It is rich in calcium and high in protein to enable growth and bone development. The feed is only available in the crumble form; a small particle size to ensure that the chicks are able to consume it.

Feeding Recommendations

  • Broiler Triphase 1 Crumbles should be fed ad-lib from day old up until day 12, after which the birds will move to Broiler Triphase 2 Crumbles.
  • During these 12 days, each bird is expected to eat approximately 0.35kgs of feed.
  • On day 11, start blending the Triphase 1 Crumbles with Triphase 2 Crumbles so that the birds slowly adjust to the new feed form. The recommended proportions to mix when transitioning are shown in table 1 below.

Table 1

DAY PERCENT OF TRIPHASE 1 CRUMBLES PERCENT OF TRIPHASE 2 CRUMBLES
Day 11 75% 25%
Day 12 50% 50%
Day 13 25% 75%
Day 14 0% 100%

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Broiler Triphase 2 Crumbles/Pellets (19% Crude Protein)

This feed is available as Crumbles and 3.5mm Pellets. It should be fed from day 13 up until day 24. It is balanced to allow for meat accretion and to discourage the accumulation of fat. The Crumbles and the Pellets are exactly the same in terms of their nutritional value; it is just the physical form that differs.

Feeding Recommendations

  • Broiler Triphase 2 Crumbles are used to transition from the Broiler Triphase 1 Crumbles.They should be mixed with Broiler Triphase 1 Crumbles over 3 days, as shown in Table 2, so that by day 14, the birds are entirely on Broiler Triphase 2 Crumbles.
  • Starting on day 15, Broiler Triphase 2 Crumbles should be mixed with Broiler Triphase 2 Pellets in order to ease birds onto the pellet form of feed.
  • The mixing rations of the feed are shown in table 2.

Table 2

DAY PERCENT OF TRIPHASE 2 PELLETS PERCENT OF TRIPHASE 3 PELLETS
Day 15 75% 25%
Day 16 50% 50%
Day 17 25% 75%
Day 18 0% 100%
  • By day 18, the birds should entirely be feeding on the Broiler Triphase 2 Pellets.
  • The bird must be fed ad-lib and each bird is expected to consume approximately 1.5 kgs of feed during this growing period.
  • On day 23, start blending the Triphase 2 pellets with Triphase 3 pellets so that the birds acclimatise to the larger finisher pellet.
  • The recommended proportions to mix when transitioning to the Triphase 3 pellets are shown in table 3 below.

Table 3

DAY PERCENT OF TRIPHASE 2 PELLETS PERCENT OF TRIPHASE 3 PELLETS
Day 23 75% 25%
Day 24 50% 50%
Day 25 25% 75%
Day 26 0% 100%

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Broiler Triphase 3 Finisher Pellets (18% Crude Protein)

The final feed in the feeding program of broilers is available as a 4.5mm pellet. The feed is lower in protein level but higher in energy, to cater for the increased energy needs of the bird brought about by the increase in size.

Feeding Recommendations

  • Broiler Triphase 3 Pellets are fed ad-lib from day 25 up until slaughter, which should be on or before day 35.
  • It should be mixed with Broiler Triphase 2 Pellets over 3 days to get the birds accustomed to the larger Triphase 3 Pellets (as shown in Table 3 above).
  • By day 26, the birds should entirely be feeding on the Broiler Triphase 3 Pellets.
  • Each bird is expected to consume approximately 1.8kgs of feed during this finishing phase.

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Feed required for 100 Birds

In order to raise 100 birds, a farmer will need the following feed:

FEED QUANTITY
Broiler Triphase 1 Crumbles 1 Bag
Broiler Triphase 2 Crumbles 1 Bag
Broiler Triphase 2 Pellets 2 Bags
Broiler Triphase 3 Pellets 3-4 Bags (Depending on your desired slaughter weights)

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Broiler Concentrate (37.5% Crude Protein)

This is the concentrate feed from which both Broiler Starter and Broiler Finisher can be produced. It is designed for farmers who have access to their own maize. When using this concentrate, we encourage a 2 phase feeding program that includes the starter stage and the finisher stage. With this feed, one will get the same results as when feeding the 3 phase feed.

Mixing & Feeding Instructions


To produce Broiler Starter Mash:

  • Mix 2 parts concentrate to 3 parts crushed maize by mass.
  • The resultant feed is sufficient to feed the birds from day old up until day 21. It will provide adequate nutrition to allow growth, bone development and feather development.
  • Care must be taken to mix the concentrate and the crushed maize according to mass, not volume. Actual masses of the proportions to be mixed must be known.


To produce Broiler Finisher:

  • Mix 1 part concentrate to 2 parts crushed maize by mass.
  • The resultant feed should be fed to birds from day 22 to day 35.
  • Once again the care must be taken to mix the concentrate and the crushed maize according to mass, not volume. Actual masses of the proportions to be mixed must be known.


Please note that crushed maize grains must be used with this concentrate. Feeding with maize bran (makreshi) will not yield the desired results.

Broiler Triphase Feed Range

Additives included in the National Foods Broiler Feeds

Several additives are used to ensure maximum growth of the broilers at the lowest cost possible. Some of the additives we use are listed below.



a) Coccidiostats

A strict coccidiostat rotation program is followed throughout the year to ensure that coccidia resistance does not occur on farms. Coccidiostats are used in all the broiler feeds, all the way from the Triphase 1 Crumbles to the Triphase 3 Pellets. Whilst some may choose not to put coccidiostats in the final feed, we use coccidiostats in the finishing phase to protect the health of the next flock of birds. Care is always taken to ensure that the coccidiostat used in the broiler finisher diet does not alter the taste of the meat.
Because of the presence of coccidiostats in our broiler feeds, we strongly advise not to feed our broiler range of feeds to water fowl or to breeders.



b) Enzymes

Several enzymes are used to enhance the performance of our broiler feeds and to lower the cost of feeding.



c) Mycotoxin binder

Mycotoxins will gravely affect the performance of broilers. Whilst every care is taken to ensure that all the raw materials we use for the production of our feeds are mould free, we add a mycotoxin binder to our feeds, just in case mycotoxins had started developing.


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